How Good is Lake Manyara National park : Lake Manyara National Park refers to one of the amazing and the most protected area in Tanzania’s Arusha and Manyara Regions, situated directly between Lake Manyara and the Great Rift Valley.
Lake Manyara is a lake in the Monduli District of Tanzania’s Arusha Region. It is the seventh-largest lake in Tanzania by surface area, at 470 square kilometers (180 sq. mi).
It is a shallow, alkaline lake on the East African Rift’s Natron-Manyara-Balangida branch.
The lake’s northwest portion (about 200 sq. km.) is part of Lake Manyara National Park and the Lake Manyara Biosphere Reserve, which was designated by UNESCO in 1981 as part of the Man and the Biosphere Program.
There are several theories as to how Lake Manyara obtained its name.
Manyara may be derived from the Maasai term “emanyara,” which refers to the spiky, protective enclosure that surrounds a family dwelling (boma). Perhaps the 600-meter-high rift escarpment hems in the lake, are similar to the fence around a Maasai boma. Another version is that the Lake Manyara area’s Mbugwe tribe named the lake from the Mbugwe word manyero, which means a trough or a location where animals drink water. Therefore, the name Manyara is purely a local name and it reflects the surrounding societies which contributed to its formulation. Lake Manyara National Park may be reached by road from Arusha in 1 hour and 30 minutes, and from the Ngorongoro Crater in less than an hour.
You will be able to enjoy ideal climatic circumstances on the route from Arusha, especially this summer, which appears to be a very appealing time for many people.
Many of the locations in the park’s northern half become quite busy with tourists, particularly in the afternoon.
It is recommended that you stay within the park or nearby for at least two nights to fully experience it.
Lake Manyara is a tiny alkaline lake located at a height of 960 meters in the Rift Valley System (3,150 ft).
The lake is 10 feet (3 meters) deep when full and takes approximately two-thirds of the park. The lake’s depth and surface size vary substantially. There is no exit for the lake, although it is supplied by underground springs and several permanent streams that drain the surrounding Ngorongoro Highlands. You will be enveloped in a groundwater forest as soon as you reach the park.
Water rushes out of the rift wall’s volcanic rock, increasing the water table to a level ideal for the establishment of tall trees.
In many aspects, this form of the forest is similar to the rainforest, but the rainfall at Manyara is minimal, and no such stand of forest trees would be conceivable without the high water table.
The absence of epiphytes such as mosses and lichens in groundwater forests distinguishes the two. Three species of plants grow at three separate levels, as is characteristic of this type of forest:
Shrubs, tall trees, grasses (including reeds), and floral plants MKUYU, the wild fig, Ficus scorners; the tamarind, Tamarindus indica, MKWAJU in Swahili; the unusual -‘ sausage tree,’ Kigelia Africana, MWEGEA, as well as dawn and wild date palms, MKOCHE and MKINDU respectively, will be observed among the forest trees.
During severely dry seasons, the lake’s surface area shrinks as the water evaporates, and the lake may completely dry up. The lake is surrounded by extensive marshlands, salty flats (which form during the dry season when the lake’s surface area shrinks), and a green floodplain.
Near the park’s entrance, a tall forest sustained by groundwater and dominated by evergreen figs and mahogany trees can be observed. The granite rock of the rift valley wall rises rapidly to 1,219-1,829 m (3,999-6,001 feet) on the park’s west side. Large African baobab trees (Adansonia digitata) may be seen on the hills. A narrow zone of dense acacia woodland develops at the base of the rift wall, on materials washed down the cliff. Manyara National Park is home to hippos, giraffes, antelope, and zebra, and its lake draws a multitude of animals, including vast flocks of pink flamingos. Elephants eat fallen fruit and bushbuck, baboons, and leopards reside in the Jun Elephants will also be watched throughout the park, and because they migrate often, mostly in the Marang forest, they will be researched in conjunction with Ndala, where the Elephant Research Camp is located. The African Elephant, Loxodonta Africana, TEMBO, or NDOVU in Swahili, is somewhat bigger than its Asian counterpart, with a more concave back and larger ears. The tip of its stem, however, differs from the Asiatic in that it contains two projections (useful for grasping) instead of one. The park’s popularity stems from the fact that it is home to around 350 elephants. Elephants from Africa appear to be intelligent creatures that live in family groupings led by the oldest 32 and biggest females, while blue and vervet monkeys flourish on mahogany and sausage trees.
Males used to stay with the herd until they reached adulthood at roughly thirteen years old, at which point they left on their own to live their own lives alone or in temporary all-male herds. If you are threatened while watching an elephant herd, it is common for the offender to be an old female. Mature males do not normally come into touch with cow-calf family units until a female goes into heat, at which point she is trailed by numerous males and frequently mated by more than one. Fighting may erupt between rivals, although it is seldom serious. When estrous wears off, the female’s relationship with her male admirers ends instantly. Healthy adult elephants are nearly fully resistant to predation, but the infants, are barely 80 ems. high at birth would be prey to lions if the family unit, which clusters together with the calves in the middle at the first indication of danger, did not guard them so well. Following that, depending on the circumstances, the herd will either retreat or, headed by the biggest female, put on a display to scare the invader. This, among other things, will make a visit to this lovely park in Tanzania unforgettable. Aside from its breathtaking scenery, the park is well-known for its remarkable tree-climbing lions and the large elephant herds it was designed to conserve. The lake’s pink flamingo-encrusted shoreline attracts around 400 kinds of birds, many of which are waterfowl or migratory. The greatest time to see animals in Lake Manyara National Park is from late June through October, during the dry season. This gorgeous park, however, is most lovely during the Wet season, which runs from November to May, when the foliage is thick and waterfalls stream down the escarpment.
Visitors are free to step out of their automobiles at designated picnic places to admire the view or eat their packed food, but keep in mind that lions, buffalo, rhinos, and elephants are constantly close, most frequently hidden in the heavy foliage. Please do not stroll in the bush itches because you will frighten the animals, and the animals will frequently get a chance to terrify you. A full day is necessary to tour the park, although multiple morning and evening journeys will achieve the same results with less transportation. We recommend that a leisurely picnic meal begins early in the day, followed by a return home in the afternoon and early evening. You must also ensure that you are out of the park before 6.30 p.m.